british museum
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british museum

[57] The Great Court opened in December 2000 and is the largest covered square in Europe. Den wichtigsten Impuls zur modernen Ausweitung der Sammlungsbestände erhielt das Museum mit der Anstellung von Augustus Wollaston Franks, zunächst 1851 als Assistent für die damals neugeschaffene Abteilung für britische und mittelalterliche Geschichte, dann von 1866 bis 1896 als deren Kurator. See the "Facilities and Services" tab on the home page for each department for details on each library; not all are kept at Bloomsbury. The British Museum: 250 Years. The great eleven volume Catalogue of Political and Personal Satires Preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum compiled between 1870 and 1954 is the definitive reference work for the study of British Satirical prints. A high proportion of the collection comes from tombs or contexts associated with the cult of the dead, and it is these pieces, in particular the mummies, that remain among the most eagerly sought-after exhibits by visitors to the museum. Sloane's collection, while including a vast miscellany of objects, tended to reflect his scientific interests. [1] 2015 war mit 6.820.686 Besuchern ein vorläufiger Spitzenwert erreicht worden. Another often overlooked highlight is Yemeni antiquities, the finest collection outside that country. Other areas damaged during World War II bombing included: in September 1940 two unexploded bombs hit the Edward VII galleries, the King's Library received a direct hit from a high explosive bomb, incendiaries fell on the dome of the Round Reading Room but did little damage; on the night of 10 to 11 May 1941 several incendiaries fell on the south-west corner of the museum, destroying the book stack and 150,000 books in the courtyard and the galleries around the top of the Great Staircase – this damage was not fully repaired until the early 1960s.[56]. Now, it is in a display case with items related to Britain’s involvement in the slave trade. The holdings are easily accessible to the general public in the Study Room, unlike many such collections. And the Museum’s postponed major spring exhibitions will reopen this fall too. But the museum has made some more permanent changes, too. Both exhibitions will have extended runs to ensure more people can see them while following social distancing guidelines. However, the lack of a large temporary exhibition space has led to the £135 million World Conservation and Exhibition Centre to provide one and to concentrate all the museum's conservation facilities into one Conservation Centre. The board was formed on the museum's inception to hold its collections in trust for the nation without actually owning them themselves, and now fulfil a mainly advisory role. The changes he announced may seem small, but they caused a stir in Britain this week. [a] It was the first public national museum in the world.[4]. A particularly important group of objects was purchased from the London Missionary Society in 1911, that includes the unique statue of A'a from Rurutu Island, the rare idol from the isle of Mangareva and the Cook Islands deity figure. The British Museum Tour - The Ideas That Made Our World (From $27.04) British Museum Guided Tour (From $28.72) British Museum for Kids & Families Semi-Private Tour (From $70.60) British Museum Private Experience (From $79.31) Semi-Private Guided Tour of British Museum (From $95.13) See all The British Museum experiences on Tripadvisor Bronze lamp and patera from the X-group tombs, Two colossal free-standing figures identified as Maussollos and his wife, One of the sculptured column bases, (340–320 BC), Segments of the columns and architraves from the, Some of the artefacts from the Castellani Tomb in, Various objects including two small terracotta statues from the "Tomb of the five chairs" in Cerveteri (625-600 BC), Painted terracotta plaques (the so-called, Decorated silver panels from Castel San Marino, near, Statuette of a bronze votive figure from Pizzidimonte, near, Large terracotta sarcophagus and lid with painted scenes from, Bronze sculpture of a Greek poet known as the, Pair of carved fluorite cups known as the, A hoard of silver votive plaques dedicated to the Roman God, Capitals from some of the pilasters of the, Inscribed marble base of the Roman Consul, The Sharrat-Niphi Temple, (c. 9th century BC), South-East Palace ('Burnt Palace'), (8th–7th century BC), Human Headed Lamassu Bull, sister piece in, Human Headed Lamassu Lion, sister piece in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, (883–859 BC), Rare Head of Human Headed 'Lamassu', recovered from the South-West Palace of, Pair of inscribed stone objects known as the, Group of 16 stone reliefs from the palace of King, One of the pottery storage jars containing the, Morel collection of La Tène material from eastern France, including the, Elaborate gold bracelets and ring found near, Two Viking hoards from Norway known as the, A number of important pseudo-penannular brooches including the, A number of mediaeval ivory panels including the, Magnificent cups made from precious metal such as the, Two luxurious silver brooches set with precious stones from, Oak clock with mother-of-pearl engraving designed by, The most comprehensive collection of sculpture from the Indian subcontinent in the world, including the celebrated, An outstanding collection of Chinese antiquities, paintings, and porcelain, lacquer, bronze, jade, and other applied arts, A fine assemblage of Buddhist paintings from, Ivory stand in the form of a seated lion, Chos-'khor-yan-rtse monastery in, Pottery vessels and sherds from the ancient site of, Two stone Buddha heads from the temple at, Stone figure representing the upper part of an eleven-headed, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 00:33. In addition, the Māori collection is the finest outside New Zealand with many intricately carved wooden and jade objects and the Aboriginal art collection is distinguished by its wide range of bark paintings, including two very early bark etchings collected by John Hunter Kerr. [c], The British Museum was the first of a new kind of museum – national, belonging to neither church nor king, freely open to the public and aiming to collect everything. A conservation laboratory was set up in May 1920 and became a permanent department in 1931. W. K. Loftus excavated in Nimrud between 1850 and 1855 and found a remarkable hoard of ivories in the Burnt Palace. Das Museum wurde im Montagu House, einem Herrenhaus im ehemaligen Londoner Stadtteil Bloomsbury, eingerichtet, und öffnete seine Pforten am 15. Ethnographical fieldwork was carried out in places as diverse as New Guinea, Madagascar, Romania, Guatemala and Indonesia and there were excavations in the Near East, Egypt, Sudan and the UK. Für die Museumshistorikerin Marjorie Caygill wurde Franks zum „vermutlich wichtigste[n] Sammler in der Geschichte des Britischen Museums“. Of this grand plan only the Edward VII galleries in the centre of the North Front were ever constructed, these were built 1906–14 to the design by J.J. Burnet, and opened by King George V and Queen Mary in 1914. “Before it just said about his travels and how his great collection came about. Explore the Museum's galleries from home and get closer to the collection, using Google Street View. Assyrian Sculpture. The British Museum – The Elgin Marbles, p. 85 (B.F.Cook, 2005. 2007 wurde der Lesesaal geleert und bis 2013 als Ausstellungsraum benutzt. [93], Scholarly titles are published in the Research Publications series, all of which are peer-reviewed. [27] The neoclassical architect, Sir Robert Smirke, was asked to draw up plans for an eastern extension to the museum "... for the reception of the Royal Library, and a Picture Gallery over it ..."[28] and put forward plans for today's quadrangular building, much of which can be seen today. Although the collections centre on Mesopotamia, most of the surrounding areas are well represented. Travel back through 3,000 years of Egyptian history and come face-to-face with the Rosetta Stone and the Statue of Ramesses II. Over 500,000 objects from the department are now on the online collection database, many with high-quality images. Two visitors by the Benin Bronze plaques in the Africa gallery. London: The British Museum Press, p. 270, Wilson, David, M. (2002). [61] There are nearly one hundred galleries open to the public, representing 2 miles (3.2 km) of exhibition space, although the less popular ones have restricted opening times. The Rosetta Stone has been on display in the British Museum since 1802, with only one break. London: The British Museum Press, pg 346, BMCE1/5, 1175 (13 May 1820). [26], In 1802 a buildings committee was set up to plan for expansion of the museum, and further highlighted by the donation in 1822 of the King's Library, personal library of King George III's, comprising 65,000 volumes, 19,000 pamphlets, maps, charts and topographical drawings. ", The British Museum Reopens to a World That Has Changed. During the course of his lifetime, and particularly after he married the widow of a wealthy Jamaican planter,[9] Sloane gathered a large collection of curiosities and, not wishing to see his collection broken up after death, he bequeathed it to King George II, for the nation, for a sum of £20,000.

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