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Historical earthquakes in Victoria, Kevin McCue, Rockhampton, CQU, Queensland. G.R, Holdgate, B.Geurin, M.W. The occasional pebble beach and rocky cliffs can also be found, mostly in the southern reaches. Longshore drift carries sand from south to north during winter and from north to south during summer. [11], The first Europeans to find and enter Port Phillip, were the crew of the Lady Nelson, commanded by John Murray, which entered the bay on 15 February 1802. In 1906, George Gordon McCrae wrote two letters to a local schoolmaster at Dromana, Mr G.H. Port Phillip (Kulin: Naarm, also commonly referred to as Port Phillip Bay), is a horsehead-shaped bay in the central coastline of southern Victoria, Australia.The bay is surrounded mostly by metropolitan Greater Melbourne in its main eastern portion, and the city of Greater Geelong in the much smaller western portion north of the Bellarine Peninsula. Port Phillip formed between the end of the last Ice Age around 8000 BCE and around 6000 BCE,[2] when the sea-level rose to drown what was then the lower reaches of the Yarra River, vast river plains, wetlands and lakes. We pay our respect to their Elders, past, present and emerging. The names of the species reflect the titles given to them by the original European settlers of the bay. However, stand up paddle boarding (SUP), kite surfing and wind surfing are very popular. The smooth toadfish is one of the most common fishes in muddy areas. [6] In the waters of the bay he described "scallop shells which were used as an oil lamp with a bulrush wick, banks of cockles covered with birds, grey and white gulls, a 13-16 lb size schnapper ground off Mt Martha Point, mutton fish or venus ear- bait,[33] coatfish, parrot fish, leather jackets,[34] flathead, dog fish,[35] sting rays,[36] shark tailed rays,[37] and pig fish[38] that he thought to be "very old". On 4 September 1805,[14] King formally renamed it Port Phillip, in honour of his predecessor Arthur Phillip. "Jason Gedamke, "Australia. 'Arthur's Seat in the 'forties [1840s]: from letters of George Gordon McCrae' Vol. Swan Bay, adjacent to Queenscliff, is an important feeding ground for waterbirds and migratory waders. Several Aboriginal Australians were shot at by musket fire and Murray ordered grapeshot and round shot to be fired from the carronades aboard the ship at the fleeing attackers. You can download in .AI, .EPS, .CDR, .SVG, .PNG formats. [51] The Melbourne Harbor Trust and Geelong Harbor Trust were responsible for the piers and wharves in their respective cities — they are now the government owned Port of Melbourne Corporation and the privately operated GeelongPort. Progress report on cetacean research, January 2006 to December 2006, with statistical data for the calendar year 2006. In person: Visit a customer service counter. The official history of Nicholas Baudin's explorations in Le Géographe claimed they too had sighted the entrance at that time (30 March 1802) but this is almost certainly a later embellishment or error, being absent from the ship's logs and Baudin's own accounts. The first Europeans to enter the bay were the crews of HMS Lady Nelson, commanded by John Murray and, ten weeks later, HMS Investigator commanded by Matthew Flinders, in 1802. ", In the scrub by the waterholes were "honey eaters, warblers, red coat robins, emu wren with 2 long feathers in tail, Laughing jack ass- everywhere, butcher bird, also known as shrike or whistling jackass, Quail where coverage good in bottom of scrub, turkey at Boneo and the big swamp off the property.". The trees were coast banksia, honey suckle, and grass trees "with crowns for thatching". [8] [18], King decided to place a convict settlement at Port Phillip, mainly to stake a claim to southern Australia ahead of the French. The first marriage took place on 28 November, when a free woman, Hannah Harvey was wedded to convict Richard Garrett. The eastern side of the bay is characterised by sandy beaches extending from St Kilda, Sandringham, Beaumaris, Carrum, and down the Mornington Peninsula to Frankston, Safety Beach/Dromana and Rye to Portsea. Cliff erosion control has often resulted in sand starvation, necessitating offshore dredging to replenish the beach.[which?] Your donations will help provide food, education, care and support to those in need.Donate NowWhat We DoWe work to positively impact lives through fostering and improving equity, participation and inclusion.Learn MoreBecome a Volunteer!Support our cause by volunteering in our programs and services.Sign […] In the letters he described in detail the natural history of the area in the 1840s, and the species he particularly remembered 60 years later. The gum of Xanthorrhoea australis was used for carriage varnish. An earthquake that occurred in July 1885 was described in a newspaper. Boat diving in Port Phillip provides access to a remarkable variety of diving environments including wrecks, reefs, drift dives, scallop dives, seal dives and wall dives. Due to its shallow depth, numerous artificial islands and forts have been built, however, despite the depth, it only hosts a few true islands. [9] It also hosts breeding colonies of Australian fur seals. bordering on Bass's Straits and Port Phillip Bay. Port Phillip was then left mostly undisturbed until 1835, when settlers from Tasmania led by John Batman and John Pascoe Fawkner (who had been at the Sorrento settlement as a child) established Melbourne on the lower reaches of the Yarra. The Earthquake in Victoria The Maitland Mercury, and Hunter River General Advertiser (NSW) : Thu 9 July 1885  Page 2, Victorian resources online Port Phillip City Council Voting Details - published 28 September 2020 (pdf, 285.7 kb) Port Phillip City Council Notice of Election - published 31 August 2020 (pdf, 420.4 kb) Port Phillip City Council Close of Roll notice - published 8 August 2020 (pdf, 269.4 kb) [4] Large piles of semi-fossilised sea-shells known as middens, can still be seen in places around the shoreline, marking the spots where Aboriginal people held feasts. [52] On 15 January 2008 it was announced that their appeal was dismissed,[53] with dredging starting soon after. Water sports such as body boarding and surfing are difficult or impossible, except in extreme weather conditions. Alternatively you can contact .id, the population experts. Scroll right to see more things to explore, ‘Live Love Local’ the message for Port Phillip recovery, Parklets, play streets and pop-ups will be a key feature of summer in Port Phillip as Council works closely wi…, Funding boost will mean safer, more connected bike paths, Melbourne’s five main inner city councils comprising the Inner Melbourne Action Plan (IMAP) have welcomed the …, New Business Advisory Group collaborating with Council on COVID-19 recovery, A business advisory group established by Council to help support recovery efforts for local traders hard hit b…, J L Murphy Reserve upgrades ready and waiting for first bounce, The $4.7 million redevelopment of J L Murphy Reserve, Port Melbourne was celebrated virtually today, after the…, In a major milestone for the ageing St Kilda Marina, Port Phillip Council is awarding the long-term lease to a…, Design and Development Awards 2020 announced digitally, The best of urban design and innovation in Port Phillip was recognised last night at the Design and Developmen…. Litter, silt and toxins can affect the beaches to the point where they are shut down by the EPA. [32], The animals he observed as a young boy were "immense droves of kangaroos, brush kangaroos or wallaby, paddy-melon, bandicoots (two varieties), great opossum (two varieties), ring tail, flying squirrel, flying mouse, dingoes or wild dogs in the gullies, that were caught in box traps with sliding doors, porcupine ant eater or echidna that were at the back of Arthur's Seat mountain, the great iguana, tree lizard- 5 feet, python, and the rock or sleeping lizard.". [10], In 1800, Lieutenant James Grant was the first known European to pass through Bass Strait from west to east in HMS Lady Nelson. [40] Unlike in Portland and on Great Ocean Road, Southern Rights in eastern Victorian waters are still critically endangered[26] and in very small numbers; however, presences of cow-calf pairs in the bay in recent years indicate that Port Phillip Bay was possibly once a wintering/calving ground for these whales. Bayside suburbs such as St Kilda and Brighton were established on the east shore of the bay. Many residents of Melbourne holiday on the shorelines of the bay, particularly the Bellarine (South west, near Geelong) and Mornington (south east of Melbourne) Peninsulas, most annually, either camping in tents, caravan or villas in caravan parks, sharing rental houses or staying in holiday homes. Grant gave the name "Governor King's Bay" to the body of water between Cape Otway and Wilsons Promontory, but did not venture in and discover Port Phillip. [29] Certain individual southern elephant seals may frequent the bay as well.[30]. This attracts many tourists, mostly families, to the beaches of Port Phillip during the summer months and school holidays. Subsequent expeditions into the bay took place in 1803 to establish the first settlement in Victoria, near Sorrento, but was abandoned in 1804. If you work within council and do not know your password or would like to enquire about getting access to the Impact assessment model, please contact your council`s administrator. Annual rainfall, which is evenly distributed over the year, shows considerable variation due to the Otway Ranges to the southwest: the northwestern shore of the bay is the driest part of southern Victoria and almost approaches a semi-arid climate (BSk) with a mean annual rainfall as low as 425 millimetres (17 in) (comparable to Nhill or Numurkah), whilst the eastern shores less shielded by the Otways receive as much as 850 millimetres (33 in). Thirty years later, settlers from Tasmania returned to establish Melbourne, now the state's capital city, at the mouth of the Yarra River in 1835 and Geelong at Corio Bay in 1838. The region has an oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb) with warm summers possessing occasional very hot days due to northerly winds and mild winters. ABS Data and the copyright in the ABS Data remains the property of the Australian Bureau of Statistics. [45] In 2014 the Port Phillip Shellfish Reef restoration project set about restoring shellfish reefs at two locations off Hobsons Bay near St Kilda, and off Corio Bay near Avalon. This article is about the bay. On 25 October, the King's birthday, the British flag was hoisted over the tiny settlement and a little salvo of musketry celebrated the royal occasion.[20]. Later, resorts further south such as Sorrento and Portsea became popular. His subject was his earliest recollections of an idyllic boyhood spent at Arthur's Seat Run, location of the historic McCrae Homestead on the southern shore of the bay, part of the Mornington Peninsula. The expedition landed at Sullivan Bay on 17 October 1803, and the first of the "orders" issued by Collins bears that date. We have 6 free Phillip vector logos, logo templates and icons. We elect a committee, hold public meetings and run social rides. Geographically, the bay covers 1,930 square kilometres (480,000 acres) and the shore stretches roughly 264 km (164 mi), with the volume of water around 25 cubic kilometres (6.0 cu mi). A dry period combined with sand bar formation, may have dried the bay out as recently as between 800 BCE and 1000 CE. ABS data can be used under license - terms published on ABS website. Port Phillip lies in southern Victoria, separated from Bass Strait by the Bellarine Peninsula to the southwest and Mornington Peninsula to the southeast.

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